The origins

1.600.000 – 200.000 B.C.

The homo erectus started the now known architecture with huts made of branches and some stone to bring stability. They were temporary because they were used mainly by hunters.

P1: prehistoric huts

100.000 – 40.000 B.C.

With the homo neardentalesis there started to apear graves to pay a tribute to their dead people.

P2: Graves in a mountain

40.000 B.C.

Dwellings, huts of circular plant and domed form with frame covered by skins of animals, was the new innovation. They mesure up to 9m.

P2: Prehistoric Dwelling

8000 – 4000 B.C.

Agriculture now invented changed the distribution of architecture. There appeared the first cities.

P3: Example of the first cities


4000 – 3000 B.C.

The important monument was the ziggurat. It resembles de pyramids of egypt but with exterior stairs and the walls are also kind of staired.

P4: Picture of a Ziggurat

The egyptians

3.500 B.C.

The river that crosses egypt from north to south and the sun movement est-west, is an important factor for the distriubution of the cities.

P5: Map of Egypt and the main river

The egyptians mainly built temples and pyramids. They were good at large scale architecture.

P6: Egyptian pyramids
P7: Egyptian temple

The greeks

1.200 – 146 B.C.

Greek architecture represents the search for equilibrium between vertical and horizontal load-bearing elements. Just like the egyptians, the excelled in big proportions building or structures such as temples, stadiums, theaters and big houses.

Action constructing magazine
Erenow webpage

The romans

1.100 B.C.

Roman architecture is the one of interior closed space, but also of the exterior space on a grandiose scale. They introduced sewage networks, aqueducts, roads, bridges and walls. Furthermore, they introduced the domus:

In design website

High middle ages_the byzantine

6th Century

The byzantine architecture is based on religious buildings and spaces. They usually use stone materials in their creations. The most known building is the Hagia Sophia:

Le Monde diplomatique

But also the military architecture gained a lot of weight during this era:

Byzantine Military blog

High middle ages_the lombards

6-8th Century

They had almost no architectural tradition, but they were known for using stained glass, and colored stones to represent jewels.


High middle ages_the visigoths

7-8th Century

The style was an eclesiastical architecture influenced by the Aegean and Syrian areas.

Guía España
Exterior of the «San Juan de Baños» Chapel

High middle ages_carolingian

9th Century

Monumental buildings such as palaces cathedrals and monasteries were built again after several centuries.

Interior of the «Capilla Palatina»
Plan view and elevation of the «Capilla Palatina»

High middle ages_saxons

9-10th Century

They dedicated themselves to the construction of religious buildings such as abbeys and cathedrals, inspired by Roman basilicas.

San Miguel Church (1001 A.C.)
San Miguel Church sections


8-15th Century

Islamic architects dedicated their work to building fortresses layout cities and towns. They are known for their use of water and towers as viewpoints.

Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
Geometric motifs


10-12th Century

Romanesque lords decided to forrtify the cities and the palaces became castles.

Ripoll Monastery
Fountains Abbey


12-15th Century

It is usually characterized as a style of masonry building that makes heavy use of cavernous spaces with walls broken up by overlaid tracery.

Basilica of Saint Clotilde Sanctuary, Paris, France
The Palace of Westminster


15-16th Century


He discovered the laws of perspective.

Example of the laws of perspective


Alberti remodels the Rucellai palace in Florence, projecting a new facade that unifies different properties.

Rucellai palace in Florence


The bulk of his work consists of more than 40 country villas that he built in the vicinityof Venice and Vicenza for the Venetian nobility.

Example of a Palladio’s villa


Michelangelo illustrates the transition between Reinassance and Mannerism.

‘Sistine Chapel Ceiling, 1508-12 and ‘Last Judgement’ 1536-41 (fresco)
San Lorenzo’s facade project


17-18th Century

It emerged as propaganda and glorification of power, in the formation of of national states and in the reaffirmation of the counter-reform church.

St. Peter’s Basilica


St Peters Square
Baldacchino in St Peter’s Basilica


His work was always based on simple geometric elements, triangles, circles, ellipses whose traslation and spatial manipulation, by means of prisms, cylinders and spherical caps, was later admired in architecture.

S. Ivo alla Sapienza


18th Century

It is distinguished by the frivolity and superficiality of a decorations faithful to themselves, with the aim of surprising and ostentation.

Winter Palace
Dunhuang Chen


18-19th Century

After the excesses of the Barroque and the Rococo, a radical change towards a rational arquitecture was experienced, in which dominion of the structural truth over the visual effect was discovered.

Atles Museum
 Wire Mesh Sculpture at Coachella Festival

19th Century

«The architecture of industralisation»

Reading room of the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, by Henri Labrouste

20th Century


It is characterized by clean lines, curves and undulating inspired by nature and oriental art, with geometric formal simplification towards two-dimensionality.

Museum of Applied Arts


auditorio en Tenerife